This paper looks at the historical processes that influence the indigenisation and economic empowerment programme (IEEP) adopted by the Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ) and identifies the potential trickledown benefits, constraints and alternative emphasis/models to the current programme. We superimpose the employee/community share ownership schemes (E/CSOSs) and youth development fund (YDF) models of the IEEP on the sustainable livelihoods framework (SLF) in evaluating the broad based and long-term sustainability nature of the programme. Results show that the programme adds to similar Malaysian & South African initiatives and is appreciated by the majority of targeted beneficiaries.... Download
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